Error Could Not Create the Java Virtual Machine.

Error: Could Not Create the Java Virtual Machine. (Solved)

Encountering the "could not create the java virtual machine" error can be a frustrating barrier for users working with Java applications, indicating a problem with launching the Java Virtual Machine (JVM).

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Encountering the "could not create the java virtual machine" error can be a frustrating barrier for users working with Java applications, indicating a problem with launching the Java Virtual Machine (JVM). 


This error often points to underlying issues with the Java Runtime Environment setup or insufficient system resources available to the JVM. Given the critical role of the JVM in running Java-based applications, resolving these launcher errors is crucial for ensuring smooth application performance and system stability.


This article dives into the nuances of Java Virtual Machine Launcher errors, exploring their common causes and offering step-by-step solutions to troubleshoot the "could not create the java virtual machine" issue. 


By addressing aspects such as verifying and updating the Java installation, allocating sufficient memory, and adjusting system settings for optimal Java performance, readers will find practical advice to overcome this hurdle and enhance their Java application experience.


Understanding Java Virtual Machine (JVM) Errors

Java Virtual Machine (JVM) errors can significantly disrupt the functionality and performance of Java applications. These errors often indicate underlying problems that need immediate attention to prevent further complications such as application crashes, data loss, and security breaches. Here, we explore common causes and impacts of JVM errors to better understand how to address them effectively.


Common Causes of JVM Errors

  1. Inadequate System Resources: Limited memory and CPU capacity can lead to JVM failures, especially in environments with multiple competing applications.
  2. Misconfigured Java Settings or Environmental Variables: Incorrect settings can hinder Java applications from accessing necessary libraries or system capabilities, causing startup failures.
  3. Outdated or Corrupt Java Installations: An outdated Java version may not support newer software features, and corrupted installations can lead to missing or damaged files essential for JVM operations.

Impact on Java Applications

  • Application Downtime: Inability to launch Java applications can lead to significant downtime, affecting productivity and operational efficiency.
  • Reduced Functionality: Errors may result in only partial functionality of applications, leading to unpredictable behavior or incorrect data processing.
  • Data Integrity Issues: Transactional operations may suffer from data integrity issues if the application encounters JVM errors.


System Crashes and Error Codes

JVM or system crashes can occur due to various reasons like out-of-memory errors, segmentation faults, and failed assertions. Each crash typically generates a fatal error log that provides valuable information for troubleshooting. 

Understanding specific error codes, such as those related to memory allocation failures or invalid thread operations, can also guide effective resolution strategies.


By comprehensively understanding JVM errors and their root causes, users and developers can implement more targeted solutions to enhance the stability and reliability of Java applications.


Verifying and Updating Java Installation

To ensure that Java applications run smoothly on your system, it is crucial to verify and update your Java installation regularly. Here's how to check your current Java version and update it if necessary:


Step-by-Step Guide to Verify Java Installation

  1. Check Java Version on Windows:

    • Open the Start Menu.
    • Navigate to Programs.
    • Locate and select the Java program.
    • Click on About Java to view the current version.


  2. Check Java Version on Mac:

    • Open System Preferences.
    • Click on the Java icon to launch the Java Control Panel.
    • Under the General tab, click on About; the version number will be displayed.


Updating Java on Your System

  1. Windows Users:

    • Visit the official Java download page.
    • Download and install the latest version of Java.
    • After installation, restart your computer to finalize the update.


  2. Mac Users:

    • Open System Preferences.
    • Click on the Java icon to open the Java Control Panel.
    • Go to the Update tab and click on Update Now to check for updates.
    • Follow the prompts to download and install any available updates.


Configuring Java Environment Variables

  • For Windows:

    • Right-click on My Computer and select Properties.
    • Click on Advanced system settings.
    • Select Environment Variables.
    • Under System Variables, find and select Path.
    • Click Edit, and add the path to your Java installation’s bin directory (e.g., C:\Program Files\Java\jdk-11.0.1\bin).


  • For Mac:


    • Open Terminal.
    • Type echo $JAVA_HOME to see if the JAVA_HOME variable is set.
    • To set or update JAVA_HOME, type export JAVA_HOME=/usr/libexec/java_home.


Regularly updating Java and correctly setting environment variables ensures that Java applications function efficiently and securely.


Allocating Sufficient Memory to the JVM

Allocating the correct amount of memory to the Java Virtual Machine (JVM) is crucial for the performance and stability of Java applications. 

This section guides you through adjusting heap size and utilizing environment variables and system properties to optimize JVM memory allocation.

Adjusting Heap Size

To manage memory effectively, it is essential to set both the initial (minimum) and maximum heap size of the JVM. 


Use the -Xms parameter to define the starting size of the heap and -Xmx to set the maximum heap size. Setting these parameters to the same value can prevent the JVM from dynamically resizing the heap, which can improve performance and reduce garbage collection pauses.


Example Command:

java -Xms1024m -Xmx1024m -jar YourApplication.jar


This command sets both the initial and maximum heap size to 1024MB, ensuring a fixed heap size throughout the operation of the JVM.

Environment Variables and System Properties

Environment variables such as _JAVA_OPTIONS or JAVA_TOOL_OPTIONS can be used to apply memory settings across all Java applications on a system. For instance, setting the _JAVA_OPTIONS environment variable allows you to specify default options for the JVM.


Setting Environment Variable on Linux/Mac:

export _JAVA_OPTIONS="-Xms512m -Xmx512m"


Setting Environment Variable on Windows:



These settings ensure that every Java application executed on the system will have a heap size of 512MB. Remember, these are global settings and will affect all Java applications running on the machine.


By carefully managing the JVM's memory with these settings, developers can ensure that Java applications perform optimally, with reduced risk of out-of-memory errors and improved application stability. Adjusting heap size and using environment variables allows for fine-tuning of the JVM's memory usage, essential for applications that handle large data sets or perform intensive computations.


Running Java as an Administrator

Running Java applications with administrative privileges on Windows can be crucial for accessing certain system resources or performing tasks that require higher-level permissions. Here's how to ensure your Java applications run with the necessary administrative rights:

Step-by-Step Guide to Run Java as an Administrator

  1. Locate Java Executable or Shortcut:

    • Press Windows key + Q to open the search bar.
    • Type "Java" and right-click on the Java executable or shortcut to open its file location.


  2. Set Administrative Privileges:

    • Right-click the Java executable or shortcut and select Properties.
    • Navigate to the Compatibility tab.


  3. Modify Settings:

    • Check the Run this program as an administrator box under the Settings section.
    • Click Apply to save the settings.


By following these steps, Java applications will have the necessary permissions to perform their intended functions effectively. This is particularly important for applications that need to modify system settings, access restricted system files, or install software.


Troubleshooting Common JVM Launch Issues

Conflict with Other Processes

  1. Identify and Close Conflicting Applications:

    • Use the Task Manager on Windows or Activity Monitor on macOS to identify any running applications that might be using Java. Look for processes that consume high CPU or memory, as they might be causing resource contention.
    • Close any applications not critical to your current tasks to free up resources for the Java application.


  2. Check for Software Conflicts:

    • Temporarily disable antivirus programs, firewalls, or other security software to determine if they are interfering with Java applications. Re-enable these programs after testing to ensure your system remains protected.


Corrupted Java Installation

  1. Verify Java Installation Integrity:

    • Open Command Prompt (Windows) or Terminal (macOS) and run java -version to check the installed Java version. If the command fails or returns an error, your Java installation might be corrupted.
    • Navigate to the Java installation directory and check for missing or altered files. Use file verification tools if available.


  2. Reinstall or Repair Java:

    • Uninstall the existing Java installation from your system via the Control Panel on Windows or by using a dedicated uninstaller tool on macOS.
    • Download the latest Java version from the official website and perform a clean installation. Ensure you choose the correct version (32-bit or 64-bit) based on your operating system’s architecture.


  3. Set Correct Environment Variables:

    • Ensure that environment variables like PATHJAVA_HOME, and CLASSPATH are correctly set. Incorrect settings can prevent Java applications from locating necessary libraries or accessing certain system capabilities.
    • On Windows, edit environment variables through System Properties > Advanced > Environment Variables. On macOS, use Terminal commands such as export JAVA_HOME=/path/to/java.


By following these steps, users can resolve most common Java Virtual Machine launcher errors related to conflicting processes and corrupted installations. 


This proactive approach helps maintain smooth application performance, prevents data loss, and ensures compliance with security standards.

Advanced Solutions for Persistent JVM Errors

Clean Boot Windows to Isolate Software Conflicts

  1. Initiating Clean Boot:

    • Access the System Configuration utility by typing msconfig in the Windows search box and selecting the System Configuration.
    • Navigate to the 'Services' tab, check 'Hide all Microsoft services', and then click 'Disable all' to turn off non-Microsoft services.
    • Switch to the 'Startup' tab and click on 'Open Task Manager'. Disable all startup items, and close the Task Manager.
    • Click 'OK' and restart your computer to apply changes.


  2. Testing and Identifying Conflicts:

    • After rebooting, try running the Java installation or the application that was causing the JVM error.
    • If the issue does not recur, enable half of the previously disabled services and startup items, and restart again.
    • Continue this process to pinpoint the specific service or program causing the conflict.


  3. Restoring Normal Configuration:

    • Once the conflicting software is identified, either update it or keep it disabled.
    • Return to the System Configuration, re-enable all services and startup items, except for the problematic ones, and restart your computer to exit Clean Boot state.


Reinstall Java After Complete Uninstall

  1. Uninstall Existing Java Versions:

    • Use the Java Uninstall Tool from the official Java website to remove all existing Java installations.
    • Follow the prompts to select and uninstall all detected Java versions.


  2. Clean Installation Process:

    • After uninstallation, restart your computer to ensure all changes take effect.
    • Download the latest Java version suitable for your system architecture (32-bit or 64-bit) from the Java official website.
    • Run the installer and follow the on-screen instructions to complete the installation.


  3. Environment Variable Configuration:

    • Set the JAVA_HOME variable to point to the newly installed Java directory.
    • Update the System 'Path' variable to include %JAVA_HOME%\bin to ensure system-wide accessibility of Java.


By following these advanced troubleshooting steps, users can resolve persistent JVM errors that standard fixes cannot address. These steps help in isolating software conflicts through a clean boot and ensuring a clean slate for Java installation, thereby minimizing potential conflicts and errors.



Throughout this article, we have explored the multifaceted issue of JVM errors, specifically the "could not create the java virtual machine" error, by dissecting its common causes, impacts, and providing a comprehensive guide on troubleshooting and resolving these problems. 

By following the step-by-step solutions, from verifying and updating Java installations to allocating sufficient memory and setting administrative privileges, users and developers can mitigate these errors, enhancing the performance and reliability of Java applications. 

This guidance not only helps in overcoming the immediate challenge but also serves as a foundation for maintaining efficient Java application environments.